The EU’s Green Energy Outlook 2024

This year, Europe’s power and renewables markets are navigating through a landscape of challenges and opportunities amidst an accelerating transition towards clean energy. The European Union’s (EU) policy initiatives and collaborative efforts between governments, industry stakeholders, and investors are essential in achieving ambitious targets and steering the region towards a sustainable energy future. Let’s dive into what we expect from the EU this year.

EU Commission’s Recommendations for Climate Neutrality

In February, the European Commission unveiled an impact assessment outlining potential pathways to achieve the pivotal goal of making the EU carbon neutral by 2050. Central to this assessment is a recommendation for a 90% net reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2040. This proposal launches a comprehensive discussion involving all stakeholders, with a legislative proposal slated for the next Commission after the European elections in June, to be ratified by the European Parliament and Member States in accordance with the EU Climate Law.

Enabling Policy Conditions for Achievement

Several enabling policy conditions are imperative for the 90% emissions reduction target. These include fully implementing the agreed 2030 framework, safeguarding the competitiveness of European industry, ensuring a just transition, fostering a level playing field with international partners, and engaging in strategic dialogues regarding the post-2030 framework.

Sector-Specific Strategies

Decarbonization strategies vary across sectors, with the energy sector anticipated to achieve full decarbonization shortly after 2040 through a combination of renewable energy sources, nuclear power, energy efficiency measures, and carbon capture technologies. Similarly, the transport sector is slated to decarbonize through technological advancements and carbon pricing mechanisms.

Ensuring Industrial Competitiveness

A successful climate transition must align with enhanced industrial competitiveness, particularly in clean technology sectors. This necessitates the development of a framework building upon the European Green Deal Industrial Plan, alongside targeted public investments, and continued utilization of carbon pricing mechanisms to incentivize clean technology adoption.

Carbon Removal and Management Strategies

Achieving the recommended 90% emissions reduction target hinges on emissions reductions and carbon removal strategies. The deployment of carbon capture and storage technologies and the utilization of captured carbon in various industries form a crucial aspect of the EU’s Industrial Carbon Management strategy. Additionally, carbon removal methods will be vital in generating negative emissions post-2050. In essence, the EU Commission’s recommendations serve as a blueprint for navigating the transition towards climate neutrality by 2050, fostering sustainable economic growth, industrial innovation, and global leadership in combating climate change.

EU and IMO Take Action to Reduce Maritime Emissions

Maritime transport contributes significantly to the EU’s total carbon dioxide emissions. In response, the EU is taking steps to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from international shipping, aligning with global efforts.

In July 2023, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) committed to new GHG emission reduction targets. The IMO aims to develop and adopt measures by 2025 to achieve these reduction targets. These measures are crucial for aligning with the Paris Agreement’s objectives and for reducing maritime transport’s environmental impact globally.

EU Action Plan

The EU’s strategy involves incorporating maritime emissions into the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS). From January 2024, the EU ETS will cover carbon dioxide emissions from large ships entering EU ports. This coverage extends to emissions from voyages starting or ending outside the EU and those occurring between two EU ports.

The EU’s inclusion of maritime emissions in the ETS represents a significant step towards achieving climate neutrality by 2050. By incentivizing energy efficiency and low-carbon solutions, these measures pave the way for a more sustainable future in maritime transport.


In summary, the EU’s green energy outlook for 2024 is a testament to its commitment to steering the continent towards a sustainable and carbon-neutral future. Through comprehensive policy recommendations, sector-specific strategies, and innovative approaches to emissions reduction, the EU is paving the way for a greener tomorrow.